Canada and the European-Union are strategic partners, sharing many common values. The relationship between Canada the EU is the EU’s oldest formal relationship with any industrialised country. This relationship dates to 1959 when the two signed the Agreement for Cooperation in the Peaceful Uses of Atomic Energy. In 1976 the Framework Agreement for Commercial and Economic Cooperation was signed. Under this Agreement, the EU-Canada Joint Cooperation Committee (JCC) meets annually to review cooperation over the past year and to identify ways to move the collaborative bilateral dialogue forward.
Since then, the relationship between Canada and the European Union has been strengthened through a number of agreements including:
- The Transatlantic Declaration of 1990, which established how Canada and the EU consult with each other;
- The Joint Canada-EU Political Declaration and Action Plan of 1996, which outlined commitments to work together in several areas;
- The Canada-EU Partnership Agenda of 2004
A number of other sectoral agreements have also been concluded over the years, in areas such as education, customs, competition, veterinary medicine, science, technology and nuclear matters.
Today, the EU represents Canada’s second largest trade and investment partner and is a natural ally on many foreign policy and security issues.
The EU-Canada joint research priorities as identified by the Joint Science Technology Cooperation Committee (JSTCC) are aeronautics and space, health, information and communication technology, big data, agriculture and food, and arctic and marine science.
Sources: Government of Canada
Links for further information:
- Agreement for Cooperation in the Peaceful Uses of Atomic Energy (PDF, 922KB)
- Framework Agreement for Commercial and Economic Cooperation
- Transatlantic Declaration
- Joint Canada-EU Political Declaration and Action Plan
- Canada-EU Partnership Agenda
- Sectoral agreements between EU and Canada
- ERA-Can+ STI observatory report